5 Facts about Education in Armenia
The education system in Armenia is reputed for its high quality and standards. Armenia has built and maintained its scientific reputation over decades, with a goal of strengthening its position of an innovative technology country in the region.
Here are a few facts on the educational legacy and current system in Armenia.
Medieval schools in Armenia
Armenia has forged excellent educational traditions over the centuries. Since the 13th century universities founded in various parts of Armenia have been centres of education and scientific progress.
One of the first was Gladzor University, established in the 13th century, which educated many prominent authors, translators, historians, and scholars. Another celebrated school was located at Tatev Monastery. Ovanes Vorotnetsi founded Tatev School, the largest university in the South Caucasus in the late 14th century. Subjects taught there included philosophy, theology, grammar, physics, mathematics and astronomy, calligraphy, history, and architecture, instruction in miniature arts and mural painting.
Armenian education centers abroad
The Armenian Mekhitarist Congregation was founded on the Island of San Lazzaro in Venice in 1701 where the Mekhitarists taught secular people standard European courses. In 1824 the Nersisian School was officially opened in Tiflis (modern Tbilisi, Georgia), the then Russian Empire. It had a unique role in Eastern Armenian education during its history. No less important was the establishment of the Lazarian Seminary in Moscow in 1815. The Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages became Russia's most prominent institution for teaching Eastern languages.
Armenian scientific potential
The Armenian National Academy of Sciences opened in 1943. The Academy was co-founded by one of 20th century top astronomers, Viktor Hambardzumyan. He is commonly known as the pioneer of theoretical astrophysics. Another well-known Armenian scientist is Yuri Hovhannisyan, a nuclear physicist who is one of the world's leading researchers of superheavy chemical elements. Oganesson, the heaviest element on the periodic table, is named after him. It is only the second time an element has been named after a living scientist.
Read also: Armenian Inventors
The Bologna Process in Armenian universities
Armenia joined the Bologna Process in 2005. It is a series of specially made agreements between various European countries to ensure shared standards, quality and comparability of higher education qualifications. The Bologna Process increases opportunities for studying abroad, as well as enables studying for a degree at many different universities in Europe. It also means your university experience will cover studying many languages and cultures, something that can only make you better as a graduate.
Modern education system in Armenia
In Armenia, primary education is free and mandatory until age 16. The country has a vast array of private as well as public higher education institutions. These are broken down into baccalaureate (four-year undergraduate degrees), magistracy (two-year Master degrees), and postgraduate (two-year degrees in science). There are more than 1,400 schools in Armenia, not including preschools, kindergartens and specialized institutions.
The universities, over 50 now, offer a wide range of English-taught bachelor’s and master’s degree programs to choose from. International students can take advantage of preparation courses most of the universities provide.